A List of Cannabinoids and Their Effects

Phyto-cannabinoids, also known as cannabinoids or exo-cannabinoids, are differentiated from endo-cannabinoids due to their production from enzymes in a plant as opposed to being manufactured in a human.

Cannabinoids come in many shapes and functions in medical cannabis. The health and wellness experts at Peninsula Alternative Health break down some of the most common cannabinoids and their benefits:

CBC (Cannabichromene): †This non-psychoactive compound offers a sedative effect and moderates the effects of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). Its benefits include the following:

  •  Analgesic, also known as a pain reliever
  •  Antianxiety, which tends to relieve or prevent anxiety
  • Anti-inflammatory, which is used to reduce inflammation
  • Antitumor, which inhibits the growth of tumors
  • Antibacterial, which is active against bacteria
  • Antifungal, which is used to prevent fungal growth
  • Bone growth stimulant, which is helpful for qualifying patients with osteoporosis

CBD (Cannabidiol): A non-psychoactive compound that is known for offering muscle relaxation from spasms. Its other benefits include the following:

  • Analgesic
  • Antianxiety
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant, which is a substance that inhibits oxidation, especially one used to counteract the deterioration of stored food products
  • Anti-nausea, which prevents or counteracts nausea and vomiting
  • Antipsychotic, which is used to treat psychotic disorders
  • Antidepressant, which is used to alleviate depression
  • Anticonvulsant, which is used to prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic fits or other convulsions in qualifying patients with drug addictions and withdraws, damage from brain surgery or stroke, and diabetes
  • Antitumor
  • Antibacterial
  • Muscle relaxer
  • Neuroprotectant, which protects brain neurons from injury or degeneration as common in qualifying patients with a stroke and neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Lou Gehrig's

CBG (Cannabigerol): A non-psychoactive compound that’s known for its microbial properties. Its benefits include the following:

  • Antianxiety
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibacterial
  • Antitumor
  • Bone growth stimulant
  • Intraocular pressure reducer, which reduces the continual renewal of fluids within the eye as common in qualifying patients with glaucoma

CBL (Cannabicyclol): This non-psychoactive compound is a degradative product like CBN (Cannabinol), which means it breaks down chemically with light. Its benefits include the following: 

  • Anti-inflammatory
  •  Antitumor

 CBN: A mildly psycho-active compound that offers non-narcotic pain relief, according to Montana BioTech, a laboratory focused on studying the science behind medical cannabis. Its benefits include the following:

  •  Analgesic
  • Antibacterial
  • Bone growth stimulant
  • Intraocular pressure reducer

TCHA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid): A non-psychoactive compound that’s found in raw cannabis and hasn’t been decarboxylated, which means the flower hasn’t been vaporized or smoked. Its benefits include the following:

  • Anti-inflammatory for qualifying patients with severe arthritis and lupus
  • Antispasmodic, which is used to relieve spasm of involuntary muscle from stroke, head injury, and cerebral palsy
  • Anti-nausea, which is common in qualifying patients who are triggered by certain foods, motion, hunger, or stress
  • Anticonvulsant

THC: The most common psychotropic compound that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, and behavior. This offers a variety of medical benefits, including the following:

  • Analgesic
  • Antianxiety
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant
  • Appetite stimulant, which is used to increase appetite as common in qualifying patients with HIV/AIDS, Wasting Syndrome, cachexia, and anorexia  
  • Anti-nausea
  • Sleep inducer, which is common for qualifying patients with insomnia, night terrors, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Muscle relaxer
  • Intraocular pressure reducer

THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): This psychoactive compound intensifies the euphoric state with about half the duration of THC. Its benefits include the following:

  • Analgesic
  • Antianxiety, which can help qualifying patients with PTSD
  • Appetite suppressant, which can help with qualifying patients who suffer from diabetes
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Bone growth stimulant
  • Tremor reducer, which is common in qualifying patients with Alzheimer’s disease

If you’re interested in learning more about which cannabinoid will work for your qualifying conditions, contact us at Peninsula Alternative Health in Salisbury, Maryland, by clicking here.